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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 45-50

Change in intraocular pressure in patients on hemodialysis at Ahmed Gassim dialysis center


1 Outpatient Department, Khartoum Eye Teaching Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Al Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan
3 Department of Glaucoma, Makkah Eye Complex, Khartoum, Sudan

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Mahgoub Saleem
Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Al Neelain University, P.O. Box 10139, Khartoum 11111
Sudan
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DOI: 10.4103/bijo.bijo_10_20

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Background: Hemodialysis (HD) is common for Severe Renal dysfunction patients. Hemodialysis (HD) that may lead to change in intraocular pressure (IOP). Objectives: The objective is to evaluate the effects of hemodialysis on IOP in patients with chronic kidney disease. Materials and Methods: In a cross-sectional prospective hospital-based study, 100 adult Sudanese patients who were undergoing HD at Ahmed Gassim dialysis Center; August–November 2016. Portable Perkins Applanation Tonometry was done for all at two time points; pre- and post-HD. Data analysis with SPSS. Results: Two percent of age group ≤18 years, 21% - 19–35 years, 38% - 36–50 years, 39% - >50 years. Duration of HD: <2–15 year. Seventy-six percent reported 1–2 mmHg differences in pre- and post-HD' IOPs, in 80% females and 73% males. 100% change in IOP resulted in ≤18 years, 71% in 19–35 years, 64% in 36–50 years, 88% in >50 years of age group. The commencement of HD was significantly related to the change of IOP. Hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and polycystic kidney disease had no significant differences. Conclusion: Although there is no previous real agreement about the effect of HD on the increase of IOP; so, this study demonstrates a statistically significant increase in IOP during HD.


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